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訶莎•卡瑪 Asha Kama

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不丹,喜馬拉雅山下的香格里拉,譽為「雷龍之國」的佛教聖地。隨著政治經濟的改革開放,不丹當代藝術之父訶莎.卡瑪帶領的藝術新浪潮席捲而來,以悠遠深厚的佛國文化為底蘊,將西方當代藝術融合傳統唐卡技法,為佛國不丹近百年來的佛教藝術發展,開創前所未有的多元新貌。

不丹,喜馬拉雅山下的香格里拉,譽為「雷龍之國」的佛教聖地。隨著政治經濟的改革開放,不丹當代藝術之父訶莎.卡瑪帶領的藝術新浪潮席捲而來,以悠遠深厚的佛國文化為底蘊,將西方當代藝術融合傳統唐卡技法,為佛國不丹近百年來的佛教藝術發展,開創前所未有的多元新貌。

 

“Breaking boundaries through Art 透過藝術打破陳規”, Asha勇於突破傳統唐卡圖像與度量的藝術框架,以豐富的色調和詩意的構圖,建構出虛實相生的意象,細膩寫意的線條,勾勒出佛像莊嚴靜謐的祥和神韻,大膽奔放的筆觸層層堆疊出壯闊無垠的空間感,帶給觀者撼動人心的視覺感受。畫作多以佛陀為主體,一生以創作千幅佛陀為志,期盼透過「千佛之旅」向佛法致敬;新系列的作品則以各式儀軌法舞、轉經輪及曼陀羅為題材,將佛教儀式中的各種元素轉換為當代藝術的獨特語彙。

 

訶莎.卡瑪1958年生,受唐卡繪畫的正統訓練10年,其後赴英國肯特郡藝術與設計學院深造,為不丹首批旅外藝術家。返國後,訶莎為藝壇帶來創新的美學思維與繪畫表現,1998年於首都廷布成立VAST藝術中心,致力於培育新銳藝術家及當代藝術教育推廣,2010年由不丹現任國王授予最受人尊崇的國家勳章(金牌)。

 

訶莎是開創不丹當代藝術的先驅,近年持續應邀至印度德里、新加坡、韓國首爾、紐約曼哈頓等地展出,其作品由不丹皇室、企業和國際五星飯店廣為收藏。受丹之寶創辦人呂若潔女士連飛不丹三趟的誠心邀請所感動,歷時三年籌備,訶莎2019年三月首次來台北舉辦海外個展《行雲鎏光》,以佛教寓意中象徵永恆的金色為靈感創作,帶來30幅全新作品。

 

Bhutan, the Thunder Dragon Kingdom, is a sacred land of Buddhism that peacefully sits on the Himalayas. With Asha Kama as the pioneer who merged Western modernism with traditional Thangka painting techniques, the country of happiness now has a new flag flying in the wind of art.

 

“Breaking boundaries through Art”, it’s not something found only in altars at home, nor does it only have one form. This is also the core concept of a group of artists in Bhutan who free themselves from the traditional grid system of Thangka painting. Utilizing vibrant colors and poetic layout, these artists create a mixture of abstraction and realism, giving Buddhism art a new face. Buddha appears in most of Asha’s works; the path-breaker of modern Buddhism art is determined to make a thousand paintings for Buddha to show his respect. Even in a few simple lines, you will still find yourself amazed by Buddha’s solemnness. Layers of hues create a spacious effect for the paintings, taking you onto another timeless journey. Nevertheless, Asha’s new series of paintings feature Tibetan Buddhism ritual dance, prayer wheels and mandalas.

 

Karma Wangdi, known fondly as Asha Kama, was born in 1958 in Dagana, Bhutan. Asha graduated from National Handicrafts Design Centre in Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan, where he trained to be a professional Thangka painter. He then went to Kent Institute of Art & Design in the UK, and was among first few artists of his country to receive art education aboard. After his return, Asha infused his aesthetic innovation into Bhutan’s art field, creating a new way of expressing Buddhist spirit on canvas. In 1998, Asha founded VAST with his friends (Voluntary Artists Studio Thimphu), an organization that aims at grooming artists and promoting contemporary art education. In 2010, Asha was awarded National Order of Merit (Gold) by His Majesty the King of Bhutan and took it as a blessing in his contemporary art journey.

 

Asha is renowned in Bhutan, and has been widely invited to India, Korea, Singapore and New York for exhibitions. His works are collected by the Royal Family of Bhutan and luxury hotels. At the invitation of Jill Lu, the founder of Tansbao BhutanArt Gallery, Asha is going to hold his first-ever overseas solo exhibition “Lingering in Gold” this March in Taipei, Taiwan. This collection of his 30 newest works is inspired by golden palettes, the color symbolizing eternity in Buddhism, and presents his interpretation of this fascinating Buddhist world.

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